This One's for the Girls: Causes of Groin Pain in Women
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What are the causes of groin or genital pain in women?
Women are just as susceptible to pain in the groin area as men. Conditions such as muscle strains, infections, nerve entrapment, and herpes cross the barrier of the sexes. But there are some causes of groin pain that are reserved for the ladies:
- Osteitis pubis- While this condition can affect men, it is much more common in women. Osteitis pubis is an inflammation of the cartilage that connects the front portion of the two bones of the pelvis. The cause of this ailment is unknown, but genital pain is the symptom.
- Ovarian cysts- The female reproductive organs are housed in the lower portion of the abdominal cavity. If something goes wrong, pain in the groin area is likely. Ovarian cysts, which can occur in either ovary and range in size and substance, are the most common cause of this type of discomfort.
- Endometriosis- During the menstrual cycle, the lining of the uterus will thicken and slough off, often causing cramping and discomfort. Sometimes, this tissue somehow migrates outside the uterus, where it goes through the same hormonally-induced changes. This is called endometriosis and it can cause groin and genital pain.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease- If the uterus, cervix or vaginal canal are inflamed, there will be aching and tenderness on examination or with contact, and generalized pain in the groin and genital area.
All of these conditions are treatable. As always, early diagnosis can bring relief and effective treatment.