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Since the tiny veins in the anus and rectum are vulnerable to pressure and tension from the abdominal cavity downward, avoiding positions or actions that increase that pressure is the easiest remedy for hemorrhoids. Too much standing, for example, increases the gravitational or downward pressure on the lower intestine, which in turn magnifies the pressure within the veins lining the end of it (i.e., the anus). The result: hemorrhoid symptoms increase. Sitting for extended periods can also create a rise in pressure that may exacerbate hemorrhoidal discomfort. A seated position allows the internal organs of the abdominal cavity to sort of spread out and settle downward; as a result, the lowest man on the totem pole, so to speak, has to take all the pressure. And that's the rectal area.
Aside from positional difficulties, internal pressure affecting hemorrhoidal tissue can be increased as a result of constipation. A buildup of stool in the colon presses down on the rectum and definitely aggravates hemorrhoid symptoms. By the same token, exerting a lot of pressure to perform a bowel movement will also increase that pressure. One way to reduce pressure on irritated hemorrhoidal structures is to follow a diet that will "keep things moving," and gently. For example, drinking a lot of fluids and consuming a diet high in fiber can regulate bowel habits and reduce the need for exerting pressure in order to pass stool.